May 23, 2024
Suicide Rate

Men tend to be more suicidal than women

In recent times, a tendency of youth people’s increasing sadness along with happiness can be noticed. It is often seen in social media that the person whom we are seeing doing a lot of entertainment with his/her friends actually feels down when they return home, and sarcastically they also put this as a status. The thing is that the whole day they are feeling happy, and in the night, what rises in them that makes them unhappy?

Opponent Process Theory

In 1878, Ewald Hering proposed the “opponent process theory (OPT)” that has relation with an individual’s color vision. However, this theory was later reformulated by Richard L. Solomon who purported that every process that can be either negative or positive has an affective balance that is known as an immediate secondary “opponent process” in 1970.

From a broader perspective, OPT states that humans have a baseline state called “homeostasis”, which denotes the equal level of happiness and sadness. When a person suddenly feels happy, an opposing emotional response rises, and it tries to decrease the person’s level of happiness in order to reach the homeostasis state again.

It functions in reverse as well. When a person feels sad, the opponent process takes place and decreases the level of perceived depression. When a stimulus is censored by the body or the mind, A-process becomes responsible for the emotional reaction to that stimulus.

On the other side, B-process rises when A-process is still active, and it tries to equalize the magnitude of A-process and B-process to keep the body in baseline state after the stimulus is terminated. Once the stimulus is over, the body becomes homeostasis.

Opponent Process-driven Sadness

This is the reason why people feel terrified when doing a risky job but slowly the fear comes to an end. Conversely, having sex with a partner for the first few days feels fascinating but as time passes by the pleasure level starts to decrease for both the man and woman. So, there is a rise of sadness when someone perceives happiness, similarly there is also a rise of happiness when someone feels sadness.

A study insight that 66.67% participants proved that their happiness and sadness fluctuate with each other equally which means if a person is enjoying his life, the probability of him feeling the same level of sadness is 0.67.

So, if “enjoying life” initiates “A-process” in the human body and “feeling sadness” initiates “B-process”, then it can be said that the probability of “opponent process” functioning in a human body in a longer time difference is 0.67.

Therefore, when a person “enjoys his life” by having fun with friends or doing any other thing he wants, at that moment the opponent process starts functioning resulting in the person feeling sad after he returns home.

The exact thing can occur for a vast timeline as well. For example, if a person had fun in a place three months ago, the memories of that place will keep making him nostalgic.

While these reminiscing memories can be a source of temporary joyfulness, covertly it degrades the overall mental health of the person since his unconscious state of mind is still stuck in the past lives and cannot move on from the phase.

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