May 24, 2024
Mesopotamian Witchcraft Beliefs

Mesopotamian Witchcraft Beliefs

Witchcraft is inextricably linked with the rise of civilization. Witchcraft has been around since the cavemen were far from overthrowing cities and organized civilization. Egyptian, Mayan or Mesopotamian – every civilization has its roots in magic. Mesopotamian Witchcraft Beliefs may astonish people.

Whether the practical application of magic was successful or not, primitive people had a deep faith in it. Thus, witchcraft is a unique and timeless narrative in the history of human civilization. In ancient Mesopotamia, magic was common and important adjunct to the conduct of society, the performance of traditional and religious rituals.
Today’s discussion will give you idea about the magic of Mesopotamia civilization (Mesopotamian Witchcraft Beliefs).

Reference

The Sumerian civilization, known as the creator of the Mesopotamian civilization, developed the first writing system. They wrote on the ground, on the mud wall. Gilgamesh, the world’s oldest epic, Sumerian and Babylonian cosmology Enuma Elish, Sumerian flood stories were recovered from the famous library of the Assyrian emperor Ashurbanipal.

Cuneiform records reveal what spells the Mesopotamians chanted, their practical skills in magic, the herbal remedies they used, the methods they used to communicate with the natural world. Sorcery and magic were given as social and religious legitimacy during the reign of the Assyrian emperors.

These mantras were systematically arranged in a book. Most of the handbooks came from the famous library of Emperor Ashurbanipal and the ancient Mesopotamian city of learning, Sippar.

Maqlu

The literal meaning of the word Maqlu is ‘to burn’. which were inscribed across nine clay tablets by 700 BC. According to Mesopotamian belief, these rituals protect against evil magic. Also, a person who has used this black magic out of hatred can also be weakened by this spell.

The first eight tablets describe about 100 magic spells and the ninth tablet describes the procedure for performing the ceremony. Clay tablets related to Maqlu indicate that, to get rid of the effects of black magic, the effigy of a female witch or dakini (who has performed black magic) should be burned. Maqlu explains some of the ways in which Mesopotamian society was governed.

The Practice of Mesopotamian Dakinism

In Mesopotamian Dakinism, the name of the Dakini is hidden in the Maqlu. The mantra is chanted addressed to the anonymous Dakini. Because they believed that the gods saw all and who was involved in this abuse of witchcraft, the gods and goddesses knew very well.

So knowing Dakini’s address is not important here. In this case, a Tantric used to organize Jharfunk. Maqlu, like other Mesopotamian manuscripts, helps uncover unknown aspects of Mesopotamian civilization. According to Maqlu’s description, witchcraft rituals were performed in two ways. The practice of magic that was legal in the society was done in front of everyone, but the practice of illegal or black magic was done in secret, out of sight.

Dakinis mainly evaded the gods through evil witchcraft. They wanted to convince the gods that they were trying to protect people from evil with magic. But the real picture was opposite. This black magic was used to harm someone. On the other hand, the purpose of performing the Maqlu ritual was to convince the gods that they had helped the wrong people with their divine powers.

Forecast

The cuneiform script of the ‘Akkadian’ language recorded the history of the various civilizations of ancient Mesopotamia on clay tablets for thousands of years. It is estimated that about 30% of surviving Akkadian cuneiform manuscripts deal with dakinism and the supernatural. But most of it is not magical. Some things are still mysterious, some things are related to their social norms.

Although the Mesopotamian civilization was a center of science and engineering, they did not have a clear understanding of space activity and many unpredictable natural phenomena. They used to make various prophecies to avoid negative events that might happen in the future. According to manuscripts, Mesopotamians used to make lists of prophecies to avert disaster.

An obscure text called Enuma Anu Enlil describes 7,000 divine prophecies concerning kings and kingdoms. Pandit sent the king regular updates from these predictions. Another prophecy is ‘Summa Alu Ina Mele Sakin’, which contains 120 clay tablets and about 10,000 prophecies. This is the largest set of forecasts to date.

The Summa Izbu prediction chart is associated with the birth of limbless people and strange creatures. But this prophecy is not always associated with evil. For example, deformities on the right side of the human body were considered inauspicious and on the left as auspicious.

Witchcraft in everyday life (Mesopotamian Witchcraft Beliefs)

A manuscript attests to the fact that magic was very common in the daily life of the Mesopotamians. There are detailed descriptions and instructions for different types of stones, so that it is easy to understand which stone to use to attract or repel a deity.

There is evidence that various chambers in Mesopotamia (Assur, Nineveh, Babylon, Nimrud) housed statues of gods, animals, and various mystical creatures. These were kept in secret places in the house, where ghosts or ghouls could congregate. They believed that these idols would protect them from evil forces.

The Mesopotamians believed that the god Pazuzu brought famine and drought to mankind. They believed that the south-west wind also blows under his direction. Because the southwest wind in Mesopotamia always brought excessive heat and dryness, and the people of that time became ill because of the change in the wind. Mesopotamians often worshiped him to ward off disease and famine. According to many scholars, Pazuzu can also be associated with healing and healing.

Various objects were used to solve supernatural problems. Their size varied from area to area. From small amulets to huge idols. A variety of stone statues were placed in the palaces of the Neo-Assyrian Empire to ward off evil spirits.

For example, statues of the lion-backed and the human-headed god Lamassu adorn the palace’s balconies and front doors. They believed that this statue of Lamassu prevented ghosts from coming. The infamous goddess Lamashtu is described as the slayer of newborns and pregnant women. Pregnant women used to wear rakshakabcha with images of Lamashtu to protect themselves from this Lamashtu.

Although ahead of other contemporary civilizations in science, Mesopotamians had deep faith in magic. The ancient ceremonial ‘Maqlu’ may seem derisive to many today, but five thousand years ago in a world of underdeveloped medical systems, they would have brought peace of mind to the afflicted.

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