May 22, 2024
nuclear bomb

nuclear bomb

Nine countries currently possess nuclear bomb, but the United States was the first to use them in World War II. Which over time has now become a diplomatic tool. How was the beginning? Today we will learn the story behind the atomic bomb becoming a diplomatic tool.

When the United States successfully tested the atomic bomb in 1945, American leaders realized that they had acquired a powerful weapon not only in war but also in the field of diplomacy. Only they now own the most destructive weapons in the world. Who can afford to avoid their demands? Although America was afraid of developing atomic bombs, if they didn’t, Germany would have developed atomic bombs first.

But when they subdue this monster by spending two billion dollars, they know that Germany is nowhere near them in this race. What to do now? A two billion dollar monster can’t just be left alone. The world needs to know who they have conquered. Let’s throw it in Japan. The anger of Pearl Harbor is there. Also, the dominance of Japan in the Pacific region was not well resisted by the United States. They need to be taught a lesson.

Hiroshima burned. Nagasaki also burned. A drama was staged as Nagasaki was reduced to rubble. It can be called the ideal pattern of nuclear diplomacy. A B-29 circled over Nagasaki moments before the bombing there. Not a bomb, but three canisters came down from the plane one by one. One letter in each.

The letters were written by famous American physicist Luis Alvarez and his two colleagues. The recipient was their former colleague Ryokichi Segan, a Japanese nuclear scientist. One of these three letters fell into the hands of Japanese intelligence three days later. It reached Sagan a month later. In the letters, they urged Segan to save Japan.

The letter ran somewhat like this,

“We beg you, convince the Japanese military leaders. You know we can make atomic bomb now only by spending huge amount of money and labor. And the bomb making factories of the United States are working day and night. They will fall on your motherland. If you continue this war, your cities will be destroyed.”

The letter is a classic example of nuclear blackmailing. At that time, the United States did not have a single bomb. But the scientists were right in their threats. Japan surrendered to the United States shortly thereafter. It is not known how much role this letter had behind that surrender. But it was the beginning of a new game in the field of diplomacy. Since then, the nuclear bomb has become a trump card in the diplomatic arena.

In the words of then US Vice President Richard Nixon, the atomic bomb had become a ‘diplomatic stick’. By turning this stick of diplomacy, America became the world’s new superpower from a mere ‘economically advanced’ country. One country after another they began to shade under its nuclear umbrella. There was no need for him to stockpile so many troops or weapons to secure a country. Because if the trouble increases, there is a nuclear monster.

On the other side was the Soviet Union. It is believed that the US bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki was more of a veiled threat to the Soviet Union than the intention to force Japan to surrender. A symbol of US dominance in the post-war era. They understood that in the post-war period the Soviets would want to take a political position in Japan. Japan will be used as a base to spread socialism in Asia and Europe.
That is why America gave warning signal to Soviet through Hiroshima and Nagasaki. But Russia did not stop there. In 1949, an atomic bomb exploded in Russia. They also now own nuclear monsters. The Cold War began. Calculate who has how many bombs. During the Cold War, both sides resorted to nuclear diplomacy several times.

An example of this can be seen during the famous Berlin siege of 1948-49. The Soviets organized the occupation of Berlin at that time, cutting off all roads, railways and waterways in Western occupied Berlin. Meanwhile, President Truman assembled several B-29 bombers at US air bases near Berlin. They were suitable for launching atomic bombs.

Through this, the US said that they will not hesitate to launch a nuclear attack if the situation escalates. But this threat did not work much. The Russians did not retreat. Then began the famous Berlin Airlift. Through which the West airlifted food, medicine and other essentials for the people of Berlin.
President Truman later did the same during the Korean War of 1950. The B-29 was prepared to push the Soviets to solve this internal problem in Korea.

When Eisenhower later became president, he made no direct threat of nuclear attack. This duty was performed by the American Secretary of State John Foster Dulles. He informed China that America will not hesitate to use nuclear weapons if the Korea problem is not resolved quickly.

China has yet to develop an atomic bomb. This threat works well against them. China lags behind. Russia also stopped, they came forward to solve the problem of Korea. Proved the greatness of atomic bomb as a tool of diplomacy. The nuclear bomb came to the fore in the diplomatic arena with Russia’s deployment of missiles in Cuba.

It was during this period that perhaps the most critical situation of the Cold War was created. The world narrowly escaped a nuclear war. In 1961, the United States launched an unsuccessful attempt to occupy Cuba. Their goal was to occupy Cuba and overthrow the communist government of Fidel Castro. But it fails. Based on this, the Soviets offered Castro to station their nuclear missiles in Cuba to deter future US attacks.

When Cuba agreed, work began in secret on building a Russian missile base in Cuba. But the matter was not a secret to the US intelligence. President Kennedy threatened Russia to stop building missile bases. But they did not agree to it. The U.S. Navy blockaded the Cuban waterways to prevent Russian ships from entering Cuba with weapons.

The Soviets are also unstoppable. Meanwhile, America is preparing to invade Cuba. Soviet missiles will not stop. If the nuclear war will be tied? Kennedy is making a last ditch effort at a diplomatic solution. After about thirteen days of diplomatic negotiations, they reached an agreement. Russia agreed to withdraw its weapons from Cuba. The US promised never to invade Cuba again and withdrew its missiles from Turkey.

These were the most significant events in nuclear diplomacy. After that, the nuclear weapons capabilities of America and Russia became equal over time. Both sides are convinced that whoever attacks first has no chance of escaping a counterattack. Both sides are capable of destroying each other. In addition, other countries have also acquired the capability of nuclear weapons. The signing of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons has also stabilized nuclear diplomacy.

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